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Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

What are the testicles?

The testicles are 2 oval-shaped organs in the scrotum. The scrotum is a bag of wrinkly skin at the base of the penis and the testicles hang below. They are the main part of the male reproductive system and they produce sperm.









The testicles also make the hormone testosterone. Hormones are chemical messengers that help control different functions in the body.

Testosterone helps with:

  • Your sex drive
  • Getting an erection
  • Having a deep voice
  • Facial and body hair
  • Muscle development

Diagnosing testicular cancer

Each year in the UK, around 2300 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer. It is more common in white men, and in younger to middle-aged men.

Most men are diagnosed after going to see their GP when they notice symptoms and referred to see a Urologist or Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) at the hospital. There theymay undergo a number of tests and investigations, such as:

  • Ultrasound scan
  • Blood tests

Treatments for testicular cancer

There are a number of treatments for testicular cancer, dependant on the type and grade of cancer:

  • Surgery – Orchidectomy (removal of the testicle).
  • Chemotherapy

Men who are diagnosed with testicular cancer are referred onto the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham for treatment.

Treatment for testicular cancer is very effective and is usually curable.

Below you will find some useful information regarding testicular cancer. You can navigate your way around these websites in your own time.

These websites provide a lot of information regarding testicular cancer diagnostics, investigations, treatments, side effects, emotional support and further support that’s available.

Orchid Cancer

Macmillan Cancer Support

BAUS (British Association of Urological Surgeons)